The Significance of the First Miracle
1. The turning of water
into blood was the first of the public miracles that
Moses did in Egypt (Exodus 7:20), and the water into
wine was the first of the public miracles that Jesus
did in the world (John 2:11).
2. The signs that God gave
to Egypt in the Old Testament were plagues, destruction,
and death, and the signs that Jesus did in the world
in the New Testament were healings, blessings, and life.
3. The turning of water
to blood initiated Moses (a type of the Savior—
Deuteronomy 18:15) leading his people out of the bondage
of Egypt into an earthly liberty; the turning of water
into wine initiated Jesus taking His people out of the
bondage of the corruption of the world into the glorious
liberty of the children of God (Romans 8:21).
4. The turning of water
to blood culminated in the firstborn in Egypt being
delivered to death, while turning the water into wine
culminated in the life of the Firstborn being delivered
from death (Colossians 1:18).
5. The Law was a ministration
of death, the gospel a ministration of life. One was
written on cold tablets of stone, the other on the warm
fleshly tablets of the heart. One was a ministration
of sin unto condemnation and bondage, the other a ministration
of righteousness unto life and liberty (2 Corinthians
6. When Moses changed the
water into blood, we are told that all the fish in the
river died. When Jesus initiated the new covenant, the
catch of the fish are made alive in the net of the kingdom
of God (Matthew 4:19).
7. The river of blood was
symbolic of death for Egypt, but the water into wine
is symbolic of life for the world. The letter of the
Law kills, but the Spirit makes alive (2 Corinthians
8. When Moses turned the
waters of Egypt into blood, the river reeked and made
the Egyptians search for another source of water supply
(Exodus 7:21,24). When the Law of Moses does its work
in the sinner, it makes life odious for him. The weight
of sin on his back becomes unbearable as he begins to
labor and be heavy laden under its weight. Like the
Egyptians, he begins to search for another spring of
water; he begins to "thirst for righteousness,"
because he knows that without a right standing with
God, he will perish.
9. Moses turned water into
blood, and Jesus’ blood turned into water (1 John
5:6). They both poured from His side (John 19:34), perhaps
signifying that both Law and grace found harmony in
the Savior’s death—"Mercy and truth
are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed
each other" (Psalm 85:10).
10. The water of the old
covenant ran out. It could do nothing but leave the
sinner with a thirst for righteousness. But as with
the wine at Cana, God saved the best until last. The
new wine given on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2:13; Ephesians
5:18) was the Bridegroom giving us the new and "better"
covenant (Hebrews 8:5,6).